a wood engraving
as opposed to a
woodcut, end
grain box wood
The 170 page final second edition in PDF format is here
170 pages
ISBN:  978-0-9960026-6-0
Library of Congress Control Number:  2016900009
September 2017
multi block for color prints
rotated lino block one of a series
white ink on black paper linocut
My FREE book on lino cuts, wood cuts (bass and poplar, birch, pine),
and wood engravings (and Plexiglass too) for block prints, discusses how
to do certain things and how to fix many screwups, plus many unique hints.
Many examples are shown in this second edition of the book, which is
extremely well illustrated. The woodcut chapter is quite innovative.
TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.        INTRODUCTION
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
INTRODUCING THE PROCESS
A FIRST SIMPLE USEFUL LINO PROJECT
FAMOUS ARTISTS

2.        LINO CUTS
AN OVERVIEW
A SECOND AND THIRD COMPLETE LINO PROJECT
DESIGN THOUGHTS
LINES: WHITE LINES, BLACK LINES
LINES: TEXTURED OR SOLID LINES
BACKGROUND TEXTURING
SILHOUETTES
DRAWING
DRAWING: CLOUDS, SUN, AND MOON
BORDERS
LETTERS
A MISTAKE OR A FUN IMAGE (HALOS)
DESIGNS CAN BE TOO BUSY
OFFSETS  
MULTI COLOR PRINTS, BLOCKS AND STENCILS
JAPANESE METHODS (PRINTING, REGISTERING)
PROBLEM SOLVING

3.        WOOD CUTS        
PINE AND THE KNIFE AS A PRIMARY TOOL
BIRCH PLYWOOD WITH GOUGES
BASS AND POPLAR PLANK WOOD WITH GOUGES
PROBLEM SOLVING

4.        WOOD ENGRAVING
BOXWOOD AND PLEXIGLASS

5.        TOOLS  
LINO AND WOOD CUT TOOLS
WOOD CUT KNIVES
WOOD ENGRAVING TOOLS
SHARPENING TOOLS
OTHER TOOLS  
MORE ON THE “V” TOOL
MORE ON SHARPENING
SAFETY AND NOTES

6.        MATERIALS
LINOLEUM (LINO) AND WOOD
INK
PAPER

7.        APPENDICES

8.        GALLERY
INDEX

A
Archival quality        5, 78, 86, 96, 115, 118, 138, 140, 151, 156, 158
Arkansas wet stone        104, 105, 108

B
Baren        5, 6, 8, 15, 18, 20, 59, 66, 68, 74, 76, 78, 106
Bass        32, 92, 95, 114
Bench hook        8, 59, 91, 105, 115
Bewick        10
Birch        82, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 124, 128, 129, 138, 139, 154, 157, 158
Bird        4, 25, 32, 43, 46, 88, 92, 126, 128, 130, 132, 137, 160
Black line        3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 32, 39, 50, 66, 67, 71,
75, 82, 84, 86, 87, 92, 103, 109, 121, 129, 140, 159
Blake        11
Blemish        42, 72
Bondo        19, 20, 22, 74, 75, 76, 78, 94
Border        3, 4, 7, 14, 15, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 29, 32, 38, 42, 49, 59, 60, 64,
75, 76, 78, 84, 88, 89, 94, 95, 130, 138, 139, 140, 142, 150
Box        6, 83, 91, 99, 128, 135
Brayer        5, 6, 8, 15, 18, 66, 93, 105, 115
Busy        26, 43, 46, 47, 78, 161

C
Cleaning        5, 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 25, 61, 69, 71, 72, 77, 78, 80, 88, 90, 91, 92, 93,
95, 96, 99, 105, 109, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 124, 157
Cloud        5, 17, 19, 21, 24, 25, 33, 34, 35, 36, 43, 44, 46, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 66,
92, 94, 95, 125, 134, 141, 148, 149, 153
Color        5, 14, 25, 26, 27, 48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 63, 64, 65,
67, 68, 89, 116, 117, 118, 120, 128, 129, 131, 132, 136, 141, 148, 159

D
Damage        13, 76, 80, 81, 93, 105, 107, 108, 109, 112, 115
Dog        4, 29, 32, 33, 44, 88, 98, 128, 132, 135, 137, 138
Durer        10

E
Edition        3, 5, 9, 20, 48, 72, 73, 128, 133, 135, 140
Extender        62, 116

G
Gouge        6, 9, 13, 14, 15, 17, 33, 39, 41, 45, 49, 52, 59, 77, 79, 81, 83, 84, 86, 89,
90, 98, 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 122, 123, 124, 134, 140, 157

K
Kento        67
Key Block        10, 12, 14, 48, 51, 53, 55, 58, 60, 61, 62, 65, 66, 67, 82, 83
Kipling        12
Knife        7, 9, 14, 42, 49, 60, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89, 90, 94, 96, 98,
102, 103, 109, 122, 123, 137, 140, 157

L
Letter        7, 39, 40, 41, 45, 77, 139
Linseed        14, 80, 83, 84, 92, 93, 112, 116

N
Negative Image        5, 14, 63, 86, 109, 115

O
Offset        14, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 56, 58, 67, 70, 89, 98, 126, 128, 135, 136,
140, 144
Oil        6, 9, 14, 42, 61, 80, 83, 84, 87, 88, 90, 92, 93, 96, 99, 107, 109, 112, 114,
115, 116, 118, 127, 137
Opaque/Transparent        58, 60, 61, 62, 116, 117

P
Paper        3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 35, 38, 42,
44, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 71, 72, 74, 76, 78,
84, 86, 89, 91, 93, 95, 96, 98, 99, 106, 111, 112, 115, 116, 117, 118, 120, 122, 123,
124, 127, 133, 134, 135, 138, 140, 141, 142, 144, 145, 146, 150, 151, 153, 154,
155, 156, 158
Picasso        9, 11
Pine        80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89, 91, 95, 96, 98, 128, 130, 137, 138, 140
Poplar        95
Positive Image        5, 63, 86, 109, 115, 137
Printing Press        6, 8, 18, 74, 76, 83, 93, 106, 109, 138, 158
Proof        9, 18, 85

R
Register        14, 26, 27, 54, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 66, 67
Re-inking        50, 61, 70, 72, 78, 117
Retarder        71, 73, 90, 115, 116, 136
Roller        5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 15, 18, 19, 38, 48, 49, 50, 59, 61, 70, 71, 72, 73, 78, 88,
89, 93, 98, 105, 106, 115, 135, 140
Rose        48, 84, 85, 87, 89, 99, 128, 129, 135, 138, 140, 158
Rust        107

S
Safety        7, 15, 74, 76, 101, 104, 109, 120, 125
Sand        2, 20, 28, 30, 74, 76, 93, 98
Scratch        74, 76, 78, 112
Ship        36, 39, 74, 75, 80, 81, 103, 124, 128, 129, 134, 151, 152, 153, 155
Silhouette        3, 11, 28, 29, 113, 128, 135
Speedball        6, 13, 14, 15, 17, 29, 39, 41, 48, 49, 52, 59, 80, 102, 103, 106, 107,
109, 112, 113, 114, 126, 128, 135, 155
Spitsticker        98, 102
Splinters        80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 91, 94, 96, 99, 102, 103, 109, 114
Stencil        3, 29, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 66, 141
Stone        2, 30, 45, 96, 104, 105, 107, 108, 122, 123
Strop        5, 78, 80, 83, 84, 90, 104, 105, 108, 109, 122, 123
Sun        4, 7, 9, 10, 21, 24, 34, 36, 37, 43, 46, 68, 69, 89, 90, 120, 126, 132, 160

T
Test        4, 5, 9, 13, 14, 18, 33, 41, 53, 76, 83, 87, 95, 102, 105, 108, 112, 116,
117, 120
Texture        3, 4, 5, 11, 20, 23, 24, 25, 28, 34, 37, 45, 46, 64, 65, 72, 73, 84, 90, 95,
99, 103, 118, 124, 127
Tint tool        98, 102
Tools wood/linocut        13, 41, 52, 79, 80, 90, 91, 95, 103, 104, 107, 108, 109,
114, 121, 123, 139, 154, 157
Transparent/Opaque        113, 116
Tree        16, 17, 19, 21, 43, 44, 45, 58, 62, 63, 65, 69, 88, 92, 96, 114, 120, 137,
139, 141, 142, 148, 149, 150, 155

W
Water        4, 6, 9, 18, 23, 25, 27, 28, 34, 42, 48, 49, 53, 54, 57, 61, 65, 66, 71, 72,
73, 77, 78, 80, 84, 87, 88, 90, 91, 93, 95, 96, 97, 99, 104, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116,
118, 120, 127, 129, 132, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 145, 151, 153, 154,
156, 157, 158, 160
White line        3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 14, 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 32, 38, 39, 50, 52, 57,
69, 71, 73, 75, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 92, 94, 95, 109, 115, 127, 130, 139, 141,
142, 148, 149, 150

X
X-Acto        42, 60, 79, 84, 85, 88, 90, 103, 109, 140
A few examples of various block prints. A
key feature of this book is the many
mistakes and solutions that can happen.
St Paul's shipwreck, above is linocut
white ink on black, below is woodcut.
INDEX OF SOME GALLERY PICTURES

LINO CUTS

A 2014 SEASONAL CARD, BIRD ON A POND ~ A linocut for a card
A 2015 SEASONAL CARD, CATERPILLAR ON VINE, (HORIZONTAL BG) ~ 4 x 5 inch
A 2015 SEASONAL CARD, CATERPILLAR ON VINE, (SLOPEDBG) ~ 4 x 5 inch
A 2016 SEASONAL CARD, BOUNTY (A seasonal greeting card) ~ A 4 by 6 inch lino cut.
BEAKY AND MIKO ~ A lino cut.
BREAKFAST FLOWERS ~ a three color linocut 5 by 7 inches, intentionally mottled.
ELEPHANTS RESTING ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of elephants.
FLUTTERBYS ~ A three color block linocut, 4 by 6 inches. Intentionally mottled.
KUMIKO’S SHADOW ~ double silhouette on Speedball Speedy-Cut
LOOKING FOR TREASURE
LOVE THE OCEAN   ~ small lino sampler                              
QUIET POND ~ a four color linocut with two colors printed on one block  4 by 6 inches
SMALL COASTAL SHIP ~ A 4 by 5 inch lino block.
SOMETHING FISHY HERE    ~ small lino sampler
SPRING IN SOMERSET CHURCH, ST BEUNO ~ 8x10 inch,  Edition 2 has “II” on a
gravestone, white on black
ST BEUNO CHURCH, SOMERSET  ~ 8x10 inch, Edition 3 has an “III” on a gravestone, black
on white
SUNDIAL LINO CUT ~ A linocut

WOOD CUTS

A KNOTTY ROSE ~ This was birch plywood, 4 x 4.5 inches
A PARROT ~ This is a 4 by 6 inch wood cut, on pine plank.
A ROSE AND CATERPILLAR ~ pine woodcut, 3.5 inches
A ROSE AND CATERPILLAR OFFSET ~ an offset of the “ROSE AND CATERPILLAR”
A WILD ROSE ~ This is a 4 by 6 inch wood cut, on pine plank.
BUTTERCUPS AND CHEESE ~ A 3 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch birch plank
MIKO’S DILEMMA ~ left over 6 inch wide pine plank, untreated
MILKING TIME AGAIN ~ This was birch plywood, 4 x 4.5 inches
SUNDIAL WOOD CUT ~ A woodcut on pine plank
THE DOG AND BIRD ~ A 3.5 by 5 inch woodcut on pine

WOOD ENGRAVINGS

FIDO ~ A box wood engraving. The dog engraving was 0.9 inches wide.
ROSALIE ~  A box wood engraving. The width of the rose flower was 0.9 inches.

INDEX OF EXHIBIT GALLERY PICTURES

LINO CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(NATURE)        NATURE ASCENDING ~ An 8 by 10 inch, b&w, and color also
        NATURE’S CYCLE ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of life and season cycles.
        NATURE’S APPLES ~ A 9 by 12 inch lino cut. b&w, and w&b also

(MEDLEY)         BIRTH OF A DRAGONFLY ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut
        THE POND AT WAYFORD WOODS ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut

(WHIMSY)         ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGET ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of elephants.
        BEES AND HONEY ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of bees borrowing honey

(SAILING)        PLYING THE COFFEE TRADE ~ 8 x10 inch sailing ship, b&w, w&b
        SHACKLETON’S FAMED ENDURANCE  ~ 8x10 inch sailing ship
        SAILING THE OCEANS    ~   An 8 by 10 inch sailing ship

(ELEMENTS)        The ancient elements

        EARTH ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w and color, black line
        AIR ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w and color, black line  
        FIRE ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w, black line  
        WATER ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w, black line  

        The elements of the calendar year

        SPRING ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Spring activities
        SUMMER ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Summer joys
        AUTUMN ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Autumn as leaves fall,
                also called FALL


        FLIGHT ~ the first version of “AIR”
        A LAZY SUMMER ~ the first version of “SUMMER”

WOOD CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(MEMORIES)        ANY BACON? ~ Miko: birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.5 inch  
        BEAKY WANTS A TREAT ~ Beaky: birch ply woodcut, 4 x 4.5 inch
        FLAMING ROSE ~ birch ply wood cut; this was 4 x 4.5 inch
        MILKING TIME ~ birch ply wood cut; this was 4 x 4.5 inch


WOOD AND LINO CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(HISTORICAL)        ST PAUL’S MISADVENTURE ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut
        ST PAUL’S SHIPWRECK ~ An 8 by 10 inch birch ply woodcut
FEEDBACK VERY WELCOME AT:-
illustratingshadows@yahoo.com
PLEASE !
birch plywood woodcut
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
case study:  "Autumn" a quarter block rotated 4 times
case study:  "
Looking For Treasure" based on grand kids ideas
case study:  "
Quite Pond" picture revisited.
(c) sws 2017
This used rolled ink for the yellow
(first) and black (last) blocks. The
blue, green, and orange used diluted
ink brushed onto the blocks.