wood engravings as
opposed to a woodcuts,
end grain box wood, 1.9
inches square
multi block for color prints
rotated lino block one of a series, true
black line
WOOD/RESINGRAVE ENGRAVINGS
PARTIAL LIST OF GALLERY PICTURES

LINO CUTS

A 2014 SEASONAL CARD, BIRD ON A POND ~ A linocut for a card
A 2015 SEASONAL CARD, CATERPILLAR ON VINE, (HORIZONTAL BG) ~ 4 x 5 inch
A 2015 SEASONAL CARD, CATERPILLAR ON VINE, (SLOPEDBG) ~ 4 x 5 inch
A 2016 SEASONAL CARD, BOUNTY (A seasonal greeting card) ~ A 4 by 6 inch lino cut.
BEAKY AND MIKO ~ A lino cut.
BREAKFAST FLOWERS ~ a three color linocut 5 by 7 inches.
BURRO AND A SNOWMAN ~ A 2017 SEASONAL CARD
CLOUDS AND WAVES ~ small lino sampler
ELEPHANTS RESTING ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of elephants.
FALL DESERT ROSE ~ A lino cut mirror imaged from a ply wood cut.
FLUTTERBY SKY ~ A four color block linocut, 4 by 6 inches.  
IRIS BUNNY ~ A linocut of a rabbit, image transferred from a photo of a drawing
KUMIKO’S SHADOW ~ double silhouette on Speedball Speedy-Cut
LOOKING FOR TREASURE
LOVE THE OCEAN ~ small lino sampler
QUIET POND ~ a four color linocut with two colors printed on one block 4 by 6 inches
SMALL COASTAL SHIP ~ A 4 by 5 inch lino block.
SOMETHING FISHY HERE ~ small lino sampler
SPRING IN SOMERSET CHURCH, ST BEUNO ~ 8x10 inch, Edition 2 has “II” on a
gravestone, white on black
ST BEUNO CHURCH, SOMERSET ~ 8x10 inch, Edition 3 has an “III” on a gravestone,
black on white
SUNDIAL LINO CUT ~ A linocut
THE YOUNG LADY ~ A linocut of a lady whose image was transferred from a photo



WOOD CUTS

A KNOTTY ROSE ~ This was birch plywood, 4 x 4.5 inches
A PARROT ~ This is a 4 by 6 inch wood cut, on pine plank.
A ROSE AND CATERPILLAR ~ pine woodcut, 3.5 inches
A ROSE AND CATERPILLAR OFFSET ~ an offset of the “ROSE AND CATERPILLAR”
A WILD ROSE ~ This is a 4 by 6 inch wood cut, on pine plank.
BUTTERCUPS AND CHEESE ~ A 3 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch birch plank
MIKO’S DILEMMA ~ left over 6 inch wide pine plank, untreated
MILKING TIME AGAIN ~ This was birch plywood, 4 x 4.5 inches
SUNDIAL WOOD CUT ~ A woodcut on pine plank
THE DOG AND BIRD ~ A 3.5 by 5 inch woodcut on pine
REUNION ~ A 4.2 by 4 inch birch ply woodcut


WOOD ENGRAVINGS

DOG IN THE DESERT ~ Box wood. The image was 1.9 inches square.
FIDO ~ A box wood engraving. The dog engraving was 0.9 inches wide.
PARROT IN THE AMAZON ~ Box wood. The image was 1.9 inches square.
ROSALIE ~ A box wood engraving. The width of the rose flower was 0.9 inches.
A COWS HEAD ~ Resingrave engraving about 1.9 inches square


AND

LINO CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(NATURE)
NATURE ASCENDING ~ An 8 by 10 inch, b&w, and color also
NATURE’S CYCLE ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of life and season cycles.
NATURE’S APPLES ~ A 9 by 12 inch lino cut. b&w, and w&b also

(MEDLEY)  
BIRTH OF A DRAGONFLY ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut
THE POND AT WAYFORD WOODS ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut

(WHIMSY)
ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGET ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of elephants.
BEES AND HONEY ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of bees borrowing honey

(SAILING)
PLYING THE COFFEE TRADE ~ 8 x10 inch sailing ship, b&w, w&b
SHACKLETON’S FAMED ENDURANCE  ~ 8x10 inch sailing ship
SAILING THE OCEANS    ~   An 8 by 10 inch sailing ship

(ELEMENTS)        The ancient elements
EARTH ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w and color, black line
AIR ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w and color, black line  
FIRE ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w, black line  
WATER ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w, black line  

The elements of the calendar year

SPRING ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Spring activities
SUMMER ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Summer joys
AUTUMN ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Autumn as leaves fall,
also called FALL


FLIGHT ~ the first version of “AIR”
LAZY SUMMER, or GENTLE SUMMER ~  first version of “SUMMER”

WOOD CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(MEMORIES)
ANY BACON? ~ Miko: birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.5 inch  
BEAKY WANTS A TREAT ~ Beaky: birch ply woodcut, 4 x 4.5 inch
FLAMING ROSE ~ birch ply wood cut; this was 4 x 4.5 inch
MILKING TIME ~ birch ply wood cut; this was 4 x 4.5 inch

BEAKY BUZZES MIKO ~ Birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.2 inch
BABY BEAKS ~ Birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.2 inch
DESERT ROSE ~ Birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.2 inch
RUDOLPH AND THE IRIS ~ Birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.2 inch, 2018 card


WOOD AND LINO CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(HISTORICAL)
ST PAUL’S MISADVENTURE ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut
ST PAUL’S SHIPWRECK ~ An 8 by 10 inch birch ply woodcut
ST PAUL’S ARRIVAL ~ An 8 by 5 inch Resingrave engraving
bunny rabbit 4x5 inch
linocut
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
St Paul's shipwreck as an engraving on Resingrave
printed with oil based ink
St Paul's shipwreck, above is a
linocut white ink on black
birch plywood woodcut
St Paul's shipwreck, a woodcut printed with
water based black ink, birch plywood
(c) sws 2017
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye
Cranfield’s Caligo oil based inkwhich is dish
washing soap then water cleanup
(c) sws 2019
A few examples of various block prints. A key feature of this book is the many mistakes and solutions that can happen.
LINOCUTS
WOODCUTS
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2018
(c) sws 2019
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2018
(c) sws 2019
(c) sws 2018
(c) sws 2017
This used rolled ink for the yellow
(first) and black (last) blocks. The blue,
green, and orange used diluted ink
brushed onto the blocks.
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye
(c) sws 2018
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
white ink on black paper linocut
simulated black line
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCING THE PROCESS, A FIRST PROJECT
FAMOUS ARTISTS

2. LINO CUTS
A SECOND AND THIRD COMPLETE LINO PROJECT
DESIGN THOUGHTS
LINES: TEXTURED OR SOLID LINES
BACKGROUND TEXTURING
SILHOUETTES
DRAWING, AND CLOUDS, SUN, AND MOON
BORDERS
LETTERS
A MISTAKE OR A FUN IMAGE (HALOS)
DESIGNS CAN BE TOO BUSY
OFFSETS
MULTI COLOR PRINTS: BLOCKS AND STENCILS
FROM A PHOTO TO A BLOCK TO A PRINTED IMAGE
JAPANESE METHODS (PRINTING, REGISTERING)
LINES: WHITE LINES, BLACK LINES
SIMULATED VS REAL BLACK LINES
ISSUES WITH SMALL BLOCKS AND REGISTERING
PROBLEM SOLVING

3. WOOD CUTS
PINE AND THE KNIFE AS A PRIMARY TOOL
MAKING WHITE LINE BECOME BLACK LINE
BIRCH PLYWOOD WITH V TOOLS, ETC
BASS AND POPLAR PLANK WOOD WITH V TOOLS, ETC
PROBLEM SOLVING

4. WOOD ENGRAVING ~ BOXWOOD, PLEXIGLASS, RESINGRAVE

5. TOOLS L
PRINTING AIDS
LINO AND WOOD CUT TOOLS AND KNIVES
WOOD ENGRAVING TOOLS
SHARPENING AIDS, CARE AND FEEDING OF TOOLS
MORE ON THE “V” TOOL
PROPERLY USING STONES AND STROPS
ENGRAVING TOOLS
SAFETY AND NOTES

6. MATERIALS
LINOLEUM (LINO) AND WOOD, AND CLEANUP
INK, WATER AND OIL BASED ETC, AND CLEANUP
PAPER

7. RESOURCES

8. A BIT MORE ABOUT ~ EXTRA DETAILS AND MORE PROJECTS

9. GALLERY ~ THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY
INDEX

A
Archival quality, 5, 80, 88, 97, 132, 138, 166, 183,
197, 204, 205
Arkansas wet stone, 217

B
Baren, 5, 6, 8, 14, 17, 19, 53, 62, 70, 77, 79, 111, 175,
215, 217
Bass, 32, 94, 96, 131
Bearer, 14, 29, 38, 68, 71, 79, 155, 158, 168, 169, 170,
173, 217
Bench hook, 8, 53, 93, 103, 111, 132, 217
Birch, 85, 93, 94, 96, 97, 160, 177, 188, 191, 206, 207,
208
Bird, 4, 27, 32, 71, 90, 94, 103, 156, 157, 158, 161,
164, 168, 170, 178, 182, 184, 210, 211, 213, 216
Black line, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 18, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32, 39,
40, 60, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 73, 78, 85, 86, 88, 89,
93, 94, 95, 97, 108, 113, 125, 133, 135, 141, 148,
158, 168, 170, 173, 189, 193, 209, 210, 211, 212,
213, 214, 215, 216, 217
Bondo, 18, 19, 22, 77, 78, 79, 80, 95
Border, 3, 4, 7, 13, 14, 20, 22, 25, 29, 32, 38, 41, 44,
53, 54, 57, 60, 65, 66, 69, 70, 78, 79, 80, 86, 90, 91,
95, 96, 103, 107, 144, 145, 146, 148, 150, 157, 166,
167, 168, 169, 170, 173, 181, 182, 189, 191, 192,
193, 203, 214
Box, 6, 59, 60, 93, 102, 104, 106, 122, 159, 187
Brayer, 5, 6, 8, 12, 14, 17, 62, 65, 110, 111, 132, 160,
175, 176, 217
Busy, 24, 27, 42, 66, 80, 143, 161, 164

C
Caligo, 9, 83, 128, 132, 133, 136, 141, 170, 181, 192,
216, 217
Citrasolv, 90, 137
Cleaning, 5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 17, 18, 19, 20, 25, 56, 59, 65,
70, 73, 74, 76, 79, 80, 83, 90, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97,
102, 105, 106, 108, 111, 122, 125, 128, 129, 130,
131, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 154, 157, 160, 170,
177, 179, 187, 192, 206, 217
Cloud, 5, 16, 18, 21, 26, 33, 34, 35, 36, 52, 54, 55, 56,
57, 58, 62, 65, 94, 95, 96, 106, 161, 162, 164, 186,
198, 199, 202, 203, 215
Color, 5, 12, 13, 24, 27, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 51, 52,
53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 61, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71,
74, 91, 128, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 140, 143,
145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 154, 156,
157, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 173, 174,�� 175,
176, 180, 181, 183, 184, 189, 198, 199, 209, 212,
216, 217

D
Damage, 7, 39, 59, 70, 79, 80, 83, 84, 97, 108, 111,
116, 122, 125, 129, 130, 135, 160, 165
Dog, 4, 29, 32, 33, 90, 102, 103, 162, 184, 187, 188,
190, 208

E
Edition, 3, 5, 9, 12, 20, 25, 43, 46, 50, 70, 71, 74, 75,
97, 108, 128, 134, 136, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150,
155, 158, 185
Extender, 57, 133, 134, 217

F
Frisket, 68, 69

G
Glycerin, 8, 17, 46, 70, 75, 80, 133, 137, 150, 183,
192, 197, 198, 217
Gouge, 6, 9, 12, 13, 14, 16, 33, 39, 44, 45, 53, 82, 84,
86, 88, 91, 92, 101, 112, 113, 115, 125, 154, 159,
163, 172, 177, 186, 189
Grit, 19, 77, 78, 79, 87, 95, 102, 103, 104, 106, 107,
117, 121, 122, 124, 155, 156, 160, 165

H
Heel, 116, 217
Hook, 101, 111, 120, 217
Humidity, 8, 12, 17, 34, 46, 70, 71, 80, 97, 106, 108,
128, 131, 132, 136, 137, 153, 154, 157, 158, 169,
170, 183, 215

K
Keel, 97, 116, 118, 120, 124, 217
Kento, 63, 145, 175
Key Block, 10, 13, 43, 45, 46, 47, 49, 52, 54, 55, 56,
57, 61, 62, 63, 71, 85, 141, 155, 157, 158, 159, 162,
167, 168, 174, 176, 216
Knife, 7, 9, 13, 41, 44, 55, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89,
90, 91, 92, 95, 97, 101, 106, 112, 113, 118, 119,
125, 130, 159, 175, 189, 217

L
Letter, 7, 39, 40, 68, 69, 79, 163, 191
Linseed, 13, 83, 86, 94, 129, 133, 136, 159, 160

M
Matting, 166
MDF, 6, 9, 13, 18, 79, 105, 106, 108, 129, 130, 133,
135, 152, 187, 217

N
Negative Image, 5, 13, 58, 88, 125, 217

O
Offset, 13, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 50, 52, 63, 71, 72, 91,
102, 146, 147, 151, 157, 158, 167, 168, 169, 178,
180, 189, 195, 216, 217
Oil, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 17, 41, 56, 70, 71, 79, 80, 83, 86,
89, 90, 92, 94, 97, 102, 107, 108, 114, 115, 116,
125, 128, 129, 131, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 138,
146, 152, 153, 154, 155, 158, 159, 160, 165, 170,
173, 181, 192, 200, 206, 215, 216, 217
Opaque/Transparent, 52, 54, 56, 57, 133, 134, 136,
170

P
Paper, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 28, 29, 30, 31,
33, 35, 38, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 52, 53, 54, 56, 58,
59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74,
77, 79, 80, 86, 88, 91, 96, 97, 102, 107, 108, 111,
128, 129, 130, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136,�� 138, 140,
141, 142, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152,
153, 155, 156, 157, 158, 160, 162, 166, 167, 168,
169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176, 177, 185, 186,
188, 192, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198, 200, 203, 204,
205, 206, 214, 215, 217
Pine, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 93, 96, 97, 101,
159, 182, 190
Ply, 25, 93, 95, 97, 125, 131, 177, 190, 207, 208
Poplar, 96
Positive Image, 5, 58, 88, 125, 217
Printing Press, 6, 8, 17, 59, 60, 70, 77, 79, 111, 125,
130, 159, 160, 215
Proof, 5, 9, 17, 87, 166

R
Reduction, 51, 63, 147, 148, 151, 192
Register, 47, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 56, 62, 63, 66, 67, 68,
70, 145, 146, 147, 151, 167, 172, 174, 183, 217
Re-inking, 56, 72, 74, 80, 155, 158, 197, 198
Resingrave, 59, 100, 105, 106, 107, 108, 129, 135,
141, 187, 206, 217
Retarder, 5, 8, 17, 46, 70, 71, 73, 75, 80, 92, 97, 108,
132, 133, 134, 136, 137, 150, 154, 155, 156, 157,
169, 189, 198, 217
Roller, 5, 6, 8, 9, 13, 14, 17, 18, 29, 38, 43, 44, 53, 56,
68, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 79, 80, 90, 91, 97, 102, 111,
132, 134, 135, 153, 154, 155, 156, 158, 160, 168,
169, 173, 176, 183, 192, 216, 217
Rose, 43, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 102, 187, 189, 190, 207
Rust, 116

S
Safety, 2, 7, 14, 77, 79, 110, 114, 125, 130, 140, 178,
179
Sand, 2, 19, 28, 30, 36, 77, 79, 101, 108, 160
Scorper, 105, 106, 107, 112, 217
Scratch, 77, 79, 80, 129
Shellac, 9, 48, 51, 70, 79, 105, 129, 133, 135, 152,
157, 217
Ship, 39, 77, 78, 83, 84, 107, 113, 177, 186, 203, 204,
205
Silhouette, 3, 10, 28, 29, 130, 188
Sizing, 5, 74, 138, 217
Slip, 40, 80, 114, 117, 122, 217
Spatula, 6, 8, 17, 46, 73, 80, 111, 137, 150, 175, 183,
197
Speedball, 6, 8, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 29, 39, 43, 44, 45,
53, 73, 80, 83, 111, 112, 113, 114, 116, 125, 128,
129, 130, 131, 132, 134, 136, 140, 147, 178, 181,
188, 205
Spitsticker, 101, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 112, 217
Splinters, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 93, 95, 97, 104, 112, 113,
116, 118, 119, 125, 131, 159
Stencil, 29, 48, 52, 54, 56, 57, 58, 62, 70, 150, 158,
183, 192, 198, 212
Stone, 105, 114, 115, 117, 121, 122, 123, 124, 165,
217
Strop, 5, 80, 83, 86, 92, 114, 115, 117, 121, 122, 125,
159, 165, 217
Sun, 4, 7, 9, 10, 21, 26, 34, 37, 48, 64, 76, 91, 92, 103,
140, 161, 164, 178, 184, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214,
215

T
Texture, 3, 4, 5, 10, 19, 20, 25, 26, 27, 28, 34, 36, 37,
47, 48, 50, 51, 61, 65, 69, 74, 86, 92, 96, 104, 113,
138, 144, 158, 163, 164, 166, 168, 169, 170, 173,
177, 183, 217
Tint tool, 101, 103, 106, 107, 108, 112, 187, 217
Tools wood/linocut, 6, 12, 45, 82, 83, 92, 93, 96, 113,
114, 116, 117, 125, 131, 141, 191, 206
Transparent/Opaque, 71, 130, 133, 136, 144, 158
Trap, 151, 217
Tree, 15, 16, 18, 21, 52, 57, 58, 61, 76, 90, 94, 107,
131, 140, 152, 160, 161, 162, 163, 190, 191, 198,
199, 202, 203, 205

V
Viscosity, 5, 46, 73, 74, 80, 133, 134, 217

W
Water, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 17, 18, 25, 27, 28, 34, 41, 43, 44,
56, 61, 62, 67, 68, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 79, 80, 83, 86,
89, 90, 92, 93, 96, 97, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107,
108, 114, 115, 121, 122, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132,
133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 140, 146, 148, 149,
152, 153, 155, 157, 158, 160, 165, 169, 170, 174,
175, 176, 179, 180, 181, 183, 184, 187, 189, 190,
191, 192, 197, 198, 200, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207,
208, 210, 214, 215, 216, 217
Whet Stone, 97, 105, 114, 115, 116, 117, 121, 122,
123, 124, 217
White line, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13, 18, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32,
38, 39, 40, 51, 60, 65, 67, 68, 73, 75, 76, 78, 83, 84,
85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 101, 108, 119,
125, 132, 133, 162, 174, 182, 191, 197, 198, 199,
202, 203, 217
Wire edge, 105, 122, 123, 217

X
X-Acto, 41, 55, 82, 86, 87, 90, 92, 113, 125
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Linocut
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linocut
I always wanted to learn to play music. Every teacher
but the last tried to teach me those lines drawn on
paper with blobs, stalks, and squiggles that I never
understood. My last teacher simply launched right into
playing the instrument. Success, I became part of the
instrument. My art training was from a well known
sculptor, and he had me launch right into using the
hammer and chisel. Success again. This book
launches right into it, and doesn't try to teach history
and esoteric theory up front; initially it has you do
things by rote but with concurrent explanations, then
practice and experimenting take over so you develop
your own skill, while time lets you develop deep
learning and understanding.
a reduction lino cut with 7
colors
LINO AND WOOD CUTS, WOOD AND OTHER RELIEF ENGRAVINGS
INTERESTING TECHNIQUES
MANY MISTAKES AND HOW TO FIX THEM
My book on lino cuts, wood cuts (bass, poplar,
birch, and pine), and wood engravings (box,
Plexiglass, Resingrave) for block prints, discusses
how to do certain things and how to fix many
screwups, plus many unique hints. Many
examples are shown in this third edition of the
book, which is extremely well illustrated.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR PAST
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FREE to download
Silver City, NM
USA
The third edition FREE in PDF format is here
216 pages
ISBN:  978-0-9960026-6-0
Library of Congress Control Number:  2016900009
June 27 2019